HomeAccount Receivable10 Accounts Receivable KPIs Every Finance Team Needs to Track

10 Accounts Receivable KPIs Every Finance Team Needs to Track

Effective management of accounts receivable is crucial for maintaining a robust cash flow and optimizing working capital in the field of finance. To monitor and enhance the performance of accounts receivable, finance teams rely on key performance indicators (KPIs) as essential tools.

In this article, we will explore the top accounts receivable KPI that every finance team should be familiar with. These accounts receivable KPIs, accompanied by their respective calculation formulas, enable finance teams to track progress, identify areas for improvement, and drive financial success.

What is accounts receivable KPI?

Accounts Receivable KPIs are specific metrics used to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of an organization’s management of accounts receivable. These provide valuable insights into the financial health of the business by measuring aspects such as the speed of cash collections, the aging of outstanding invoices, and the overall effectiveness of the AR process. 

Monitoring accounts receivable KPI enables businesses to identify areas for improvement, optimize cash flow, and make informed decisions to maintain a sound financial position.

10 Accounts Receivable KPIs Every Finance Team Needs to Track

10 Accounts Receivable KPIs

Days Sales Outstanding (DSO)

DSO represents the average number of days it takes for a company to collect payment after a sale has been made. 

DSO = (Total Accounts Receivable / Total Credit Sales) x Number of Days

Why is it important?
It is a key measure of the effectiveness of an AR department. A lower DSO signifies that the company collects receivables more quickly, indicating efficient credit and collection processes.

How to optimize it?

  • Set up payment terms with the customers beforehand to minimize late payments.
  • Identify delinquent customers and analyze their payment trends.

Average Days Delinquent (ADD)

ADD is another essential accounts receivable KPI which provides a snapshot of how long, on average, invoices go unpaid past their due date. 

ADD = (Total Overdue Receivables / Total Invoices Outstanding) x Number of Days

Why is it important?

It offers a perspective on the timeliness of payments. The lower the ADD, the better, as it implies that payments are being made closer to their due dates.

How to optimize it?

  • Resolve any disputes before the payment due date.
  • Proactively send dunning communication to customers.

Collections Effectiveness Index (CEI)

The CEI is a measure of the ability of the collections department to collect funds from customers. 

CEI = [(Beginning Receivables + Monthly Credit Sales - Ending Total Receivables) / (Beginning Receivables + Monthly Credit Sales - Ending Current Receivables)] x 100

Why is it important?

This metric provides a clear picture of how well the company’s collection team obtains money from invoices. If a company’s CEI is low, it suggests that its collections process needs to be optimized.

How to optimize it?

  • Get personalized dashboards to set custom rules to prioritize your collections worklist.
  • Enable automated correspondence to reduce the time spent on customer follow-ups.

Accounts Receivable Turnover (ART) Ratio 

ART ratio is the accounts receivable KPI that demonstrates how efficiently a company uses and manages the credit it extends to customers and how quickly that short-term debt is collected. 

ART = Net Credit Sales / Average Accounts Receivable

Why is it important?

It helps a company know if they are being paid regularly and have positive cash flow. A high ART indicates that the company collects its receivables more frequently within the period.

How to optimize it?

  • Sending invoices at the correct time will spur customers to pay promptly.
  • Offer convenient payment options such as ACH, card payments, or electronic payments to customers.

Days Deduction Outstanding (DDO)

DDO measures your financial health, indicating how well your company can resolve deductions.

DDO= (Number of Open Deduction/ Average Value of Deduction) X Time Period

Why is it important?

It indicates a company’s ability to resolve disputes, investigate claims, and collect payments. 

How to optimize it?

  • Get a centralized space to access files related to deduction conveniently.
  • Provide customers a portal for raising deduction claims with proper reason codes to free up time spent in examining and matching deductions with invoices.

Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) 

The cash conversion cycle looks at the amount of time needed to sell inventory, collect receivables, and pay bills without incurring penalties.

Cash Conversion Cycle = Days Sales Outstanding + Days Inventory Outstanding - Days Payable Outstanding

Why is it important?

It’s an indicator of operational efficiency, liquidity risk, and overall financial health for all companies that buy and manage inventory. Lower CCC is better and should be benchmarked with the industry standard.

How to optimize it?

  • Calculate the metric at regular intervals.
  • Modify policies to collect payments from customers faster.

Bad Debt to Sales Ratio (BDSR)

The BDSR measures the percentage of receivables that cannot be collected in a specific time frame.

Bad Debt to Sales Ratio= (Bad Debt / Total Credit Sales) x 100

Why is it important?

This data helps a company evaluate its accounts receivable process and ascertain its financial health. A lower ratio is preferable as it signifies a low level of uncollectable debt relative to sales.

How to optimize it?

  • Review customer payment behavior to update credit policies frequently.
  • Offer early payment discounts to collect payments faster.

Collection Costs

The collection costs denote the amount of money spent to collect each payment.

Collection Costs = Total Collection Expenses / Total Collections

Why is it important?

Collection costs reflect the efficiency of the collection process. Lower costs imply better efficiency. 

How to optimize it?

  • Ditch paper-based traditional processes.
  • Automate payment reminders, customer statements, and so on.

Right Party Contact (RPC) Rate

The RPC rate is a crucial accounts receivable KPI that measures the percentage of contact attempts that were made to a valid contact from whom an invoice is due.

RPC Rate = (Number of Successful Right Party Contacts / Total Number of Attempts) x 100

Why is it important?

It tracks the effectiveness of the collections team in reaching the correct party. A higher RPC rate indicates more successful collection efforts.

How to optimize it?

  • Create strong policies for customer onboarding.
  • Maintain a centralized repository for all customer information.

Number of Revised Invoices

This accounts receivable KPI measures the accuracy of the billing process. 

Number of Revised Invoices = Total Number of Invoices Sent – Total Number of Correct Invoices Sent

Why is it important?

It can help you identify areas where you need to improve and subsequently support your AR team with future cash collections. A lower number of revised invoices indicates better accuracy and less confusion for customers.

How to optimize it?

  • Avoid manual AR processes to reduce errors.
  • Ensure data is up to date and accurate.

Why Tracking Accounts Receivable KPIs Important for Businesses?

Tracking accounts receivable KPIs is vital for businesses as it provides essential insights into their financial health and operational efficiency. By monitoring metrics such as average collection period, accounts receivable turnover ratio, and aging of accounts receivable, businesses can effectively manage their cash flow, identify potential issues in payment collection, and make informed decisions to improve their receivables management process.

Maintaining a healthy level of accounts receivable ensures that the business has sufficient working capital to cover its expenses and invest in growth opportunities. Moreover, tracking KPIs helps in assessing the effectiveness of credit policies and identifying customers with overdue payments, allowing businesses to take timely actions to minimize bad debt and improve collection efforts.

Tracking these KPIs allows businesses to forecast cash flow more accurately, reduce bad debts, and improve overall financial performance. It also helps in building strong customer relationships by ensuring timely and efficient collection processes.

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Accounts receivable KPI form the backbone of an effective AR monitoring system. They allow for the quick detection of performance gaps, timely intervention, and efficient decision-making. By thoroughly understanding and regularly tracking accounts receivable KPI, teams can significantly enhance their performance, improve cash flow, and contribute to the overall financial health of the organization.

As with all metrics, these accounts receivable KPIs should be viewed in the context of the company’s specific industry, size, and historical trends to make meaningful comparisons and drive meaningful improvements. 

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How do you measure success in an Accounts Receivable (AR) function?

Success in AR can be measured through KPIs such as DSO, percentage of overdue invoices, and CEI. Efficient AR processes should aim for a low DSO, a small percentage of overdue invoices, and a high CEI, indicating effective collections efforts.

How do finance teams monitor Accounts Receivable KPIs in real-time?

Finance teams use intuitive dashboards with drill-down capabilities to monitor AR KPIs regularly. With real-time visibility, finance teams can track performance, address issues promptly, optimize collection processes, and ensure a healthy cash flow.

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