ACH (Automated Clearing House) transfers are electronic transactions facilitated through the Automated Clearing House network. Common examples include the direct deposit of payroll and tax funds. If your salary is deposited directly into your account, it’s essentially an ACH transfer. In 2022, ACH payments experienced a notable increase of $1 trillion for the tenth consecutive year, as reported by the National Automated Clearinghouse Association (NACHA).
There are two types of Automated Clearing House transactions: ACH credit and ACH debit.
ACH Debit: In this process, the person making the payment (the payer, like a customer) gives permission to the recipient (the payee, such as a merchant) to withdraw funds directly from their account. An example is the automatic payment of an electricity bill through auto-pay. This type of ACH payment is advantageous because it guarantees that your bills are settled punctually without the need for manual involvement.
ACH Credit: The person making the payment allows the recipient to withdraw the necessary funds from their account when payment is due. This is commonly used for direct salary deposits. ACH credit transactions have the advantage of eliminating the need for paper checks.
In this article, we aim to explain about ACH credit meaning, its benefits, examples, how it works, and how it differs from other payment methods.
What Is an ACH Credit?
ACH credit refers to payments initiated when an organization or individual instructs the ACH payment network to transfer a certain amount from their account to another account. It is a type of EFT transaction. Examples include businesses paying employees for their services or government entities distributing funds to citizens’ accounts.
ACH credit is a specific type of ACH used to transfer funds from one bank account to another. Different from ACH debit, ACH credit is commonly used to withdraw funds from a bank account for various purposes, including payments for mortgages or credit card bills.
ACH credits are widely used for different business purposes, including:
- Direct deposit of payroll and government benefits
- Recurring bill payments
- B2B or business-to-business transactions
- International money transfers
- Refunds or purchases
- Regular payments
Different from other payment methods, such as paper checks, ACH credits are processed electronically–which means they are faster, more efficient, and less expensive.
ACH credits also offer greater security because they are processed using standardized protocols and encryption methods. They help prevent and lower the risks of fraud and unauthorized access to sensitive financial information.
The destination account receives the funds within a timeframe of several hours to a few working days, and the individual initiating the ACH credit transaction only requires the recipient’s name, banking details, routing number, and account number.
How Does an ACH Credit Work?
An ACH credit works by using the Automated Clearing House (ACH) network to electronically transfer funds from one bank account to another. Banks play a crucial role in the ACH credit process as they act as intermediaries between the originator and recipient’s financial institutions. We will discuss the steps in detail in the upcoming section.
Advantages of Using ACH Credits
ACH credits offer several advantages over other payment methods. Some of the key benefits include:
Lower Transaction Fees
ACH transactions typically have lower fees than other payment methods like wire transfers or remittance transfers. This makes ACH credits a more cost-effective option for both businesses and consumers.
Faster Settlement Times
While ACH credit turnaround time may take a few days to process, they are generally faster than paper-based payments like checks. It can be beneficial for businesses that need to manage cash flow more efficiently.
Greater Convenience for Businesses
ACH credits offer a more convenient way for businesses to make payments, such as for recurring payments like payroll and utility bills. This eliminates the need to write and mail checks, saving time, and reducing the risk of errors.
Overall, ACH credits provide a reliable, secure, and cost-effective way to transfer funds electronically between bank accounts, making them an essential component of modern payment systems for businesses and individuals alike.
Disadvantages of Using ACH Credits
There are many benefits of ACH credits, but there are also some potential downsides to consider, they are:
Higher Risk of Fraud Compared to Wire Transfers (Remittance Transfer)
ACH credits are generally considered to be less risky than traditional paper-based payments, but they still carry some risk of fraud. Fraudsters can use stolen bank account information to initiate unauthorized ACH transactions. It tends to be difficult to reverse once the funds have been transferred. Other ACH credit scams to avoid are phishing scams, Business Email Compromise (BEC) scams, and unauthorized ACH credits.
Limited Ability to Reverse Payments
ACH credits can be difficult to reverse once the funds have been transferred–especially in cases of unauthorized transactions or errors. It may not be the best option for businesses or individuals who need to be able to reverse payments quickly.
Yes, it’s important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of ACH credits carefully before deciding to use this payment method. While ACH credits offer many benefits, they may not be the best option for everyone, especially those who need a higher level of security or more flexibility in their payment options.
Types of ACH Credits
Here are some examples of ACH credit transactions commonly used by bank clients.
Companies can use ACH credit to direct deposit of payroll. This allows employers to pay their employees electronically in an easier way.
ACH credits can be used to receive government benefits, such as social security, disability, or unemployment benefits payments.
You can use ACH transactions to make payments to vendors, suppliers, or other business partners. This can save time and reduce errors compared to paper-based payment methods like checks.
Manage expense reimbursement for business-related expenses or tax refunds more practically without paper checks using the ACH credit process.
Purchasing Goods Online
If credit card payment won’t work in a small business, you can use ACH credits to pay for goods or services online, such as through online bill payment or e-commerce platforms.
You can pay bills electronically, such as water or electric bills, other utility bills, credit card bills, mortgage payments, or other types of payment.
How to Initiate an ACH Credit
You will need to follow these steps to initiate an ACH credit.
- Obtain The Recipient’s Banking Information: You will need the recipient’s name, bank routing number, and account number to initiate an ACH transaction.
- Complete The Authorization: You will need to obtain formal authorization from the recipient to initiate the ACH transaction.
- Contact Your Bank: Provide the recipient’s banking information and the amount of the transfer to the bank.
- Provide Information: You may need to provide additional information, such as the purpose of the transfer or any reference numbers.
- Verify Information: Make sure all of the information is accurate before submitting the ACH credit request to your bank.
You will typically need to provide the following ACH credit requirements.
- The recipient’s name and bank routing number.
- The recipient’s bank account number.
- The amount of the transfer.
- The purpose of the transfer.
- Any reference numbers or other additional information.
It’s important to ensure that all of the information is accurate to avoid any delays or errors in the ACH transfer process.
How Much Are the ACH Credit Transaction Fees?
ACH credit fees charged by the network itself are minimal in fractions of a penny. However, processing partners may charge additional fees ranging from 10 cents to $1.50.
Here are some factors that determine the amount of ACH credit transaction fees.
- The number of transactions monthly.
- How large those transactions are.
- The likelihood of returns.
- Fund transfer duration (same-day processing is more expensive).
- The account validation method.
Direct costs for small businesses can exceed a dollar per transaction, but they decrease with scale.
Well, if you ask about ACH credit limits, they can vary depending on the policies of the financial institutions involved in the transaction. Typically, there is no set limit on the amount that can be transferred via ACH credit, but some banks may have their own internal limits. It’s best to check with your bank to understand their specific policies on ACH credit limits.
ACH Credit vs. Wire Transfer vs Checks
Here are some highlighted differences between ACH credit vs. wire transfer vs. checks:
|ACH Credit||Wire Transfer||Checks|
|ACH credit usually takes a few hours to a few business days to process.||Wire transfers are usually processed on the same day or the next day.||Checks can take several days or weeks to clear.|
|ACH credits are generally cheaper ranging between $0.20 – $1.50 per transaction.||Wire transfers are generally more expensive ranging between $15 – $35 per transaction.||Checks are generally more expensive ranging between $4 – $20 per transaction.|
|ACH credits are generally secure.||Wire transfers are generally secure.||Checks that have high risks of being lost, stolen, or forged.|
|ACH credits are reversible in case of error or fraud.||Wire transfers are irreversible once sent.||A cleared check cannot be reversed.|
The choice of payment method depends on the specific needs and preferences of the parties involved, as well as the urgency and amount of the transaction. ACH credits and wire transfers are more convenient than checks that require physical transportation and processing.
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Summary of key points in the article, ACH transaction is:
- Electronic payments that can be initiated by businesses, individuals, or government agencies.
- Requires authorization from both parties involved and can be used for various types of transactions, such as payroll, vendor payments, direct deposits, and bill payments.
- Processed through the ACH network, which is a secure and efficient system that enables funds to be transferred within a few hours to a few business days.
- Offer several advantages, including lower transaction fees and greater convenience for businesses.
By using ACH transfer, parties can save time and money on processing fees and benefit from faster settlement times.
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Are ACH and direct deposit the same thing?
Yes, direct deposit is a type of ACH transfer where funds, such as a paycheck, are electronically placed into the recipient’s bank account.
What is the difference between ACH debit and ACH credit?
An ACH debit occurs when funds are drawn from an account, like with auto-pay setups. On the other hand, an ACH credit happens when funds are pushed into an account, such as when an employer deposits a salary.
What is the typical clearance time for ACH credit?
According to NACHA, ACH credits are typically processed within one business day.
Is it possible to reverse an ACH credit?
Certainly, an ACH credit can be reversed in specific situations, and this reversal must take place within five business days from the original transaction date.
What are ACH Routing Numbers?
ACH routing numbers, comprising 9 digits, are crucial for identifying a specific bank or financial institution, playing a vital role in facilitating ACH payments. You can obtain your ACH routing number by reaching out to your bank or credit union.
Do banks impose fees for ACH payments?
Yes, banks usually charge fees for ACH transactions, and the specific cost depends on the bank and the transaction volume.