HomeFinanceWhat Is ACH Credit: How It Works

What Is ACH Credit: How It Works [Pros and Cons]

ACH credit is one type of Automated Clearing House transaction. The Automated Clearing House (ACH) is an electronic network that facilitates the processing of online fund transactions between financial institutions.

There are two types of Automated Clearing House transactions: ACH credit and ACH debit.

In this article, Peakflo will explain about ACH credit meaning, its benefits, examples, how it works, and how it differs from other payment methods.

What Is an ACH Credit?

ACH credit is a specific type of ACH used to transfer funds from one bank account to another.

Different from ACH debit, ACH credit is commonly used to withdraw funds from a bank account for various purposes, including payments for mortgages or credit card bills.

ACH credits are widely used for different business purposes, including:

For example, if you want to transfer money from your bank account to your friend’s bank account, you can use ACH credit.

Different from other payment methods, such as wire transfers or paper checks, ACH credits are processed electronically–which means they are faster, more efficient, and less expensive.

ACH credits also offer greater security because they are processed using standardized protocols and encryption methods.

They help prevent and lower the risks of fraud and unauthorized access to sensitive financial information.

The destination account receives the funds within a timeframe of several hours to a few working days, and the individual initiating the ACH credit transaction only requires the recipient’s name, banking details, routing number, and account number.

How Does an ACH Credit Work?

An ACH credit works by using the Automated Clearing House (ACH) network to electronically transfer funds from one bank account to another.

Banks play a crucial role in the ACH credit process as they act as intermediaries between the originator and recipient’s financial institutions.

We will discuss the steps in detail in the upcoming section.

Advantages of Using ACH Credits

ACH credits offer several advantages over other payment methods. Some of the key benefits include:

1. Lower Transaction Fees

ACH transactions typically have lower fees than other payment methods like wire transfers or remittance transfers. This makes ACH credits a more cost-effective option for both businesses and consumers.

2. Faster Settlement Times

While ACH credit turnaround time may take a few days to process, they are generally faster than paper-based payments like checks.

It can be beneficial for businesses that need to manage cash flow more efficiently.

3. Greater Convenience for Businesses

ACH credits offer a more convenient way for businesses to make payments, such as for recurring payments like payroll and utility bills.

This eliminates the need to write and mail checks, saving time, and reducing the risk of errors.

Overall, ACH credits provide a reliable, secure, and cost-effective way to transfer funds electronically between bank accounts, making them an essential component of modern payment systems for businesses and individuals alike.

Disadvantages of Using ACH Credits

There are many benefits of ACH credits, but there are also some potential downsides to consider, they are:

1. Higher Risk of Fraud Compared to Wire Transfers (Remittance Transfer)

ACH credits are generally considered to be less risky than traditional paper-based payments, but they still carry some risk of fraud.

Fraudsters can use stolen bank account information to initiate unauthorized ACH transactions. It tends to be difficult to reverse once the funds have been transferred.

Other ACH credit scams to avoid are phishing scams, Business Email Compromise (BEC) scams, and unauthorized ACH credits. Please be aware!

2. Limited Ability to Reverse Payments

ACH credits can be difficult to reverse once the funds have been transferred–especially in cases of unauthorized transactions or errors.

It may not be the best option for businesses or individuals who need to be able to reverse payments quickly.

Yes, it’s important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of ACH credits carefully before deciding to use this payment method.

While ACH credits offer many benefits, they may not be the best option for everyone, especially those who need a higher level of security or more flexibility in their payment options.

Types of ACH Credits

Here are some examples of ACH credit transactions commonly used by bank clients.

1. Payroll

Companies can use ACH credit to direct deposit of payroll. This allows employers to pay their employees electronically in an easier way.

2. Government Benefits

ACH credits can be used to receive government benefits, such as social security, disability, or unemployment benefits payments.

3. Vendor Payments

You can use ACH transactions to make payments to vendors, suppliers, or other business partners. This can save time and reduce errors compared to paper-based payment methods like checks.

4. Expense Reimbursements

Manage expense reimbursement for business-related expenses or tax refunds in a more practical way without paper checks using the ACH credit process.

5. Purchasing Goods Online

If credit card payment won’t work in a small business, you can use ACH credits to pay for goods or services online, such as through online bill payment or e-commerce platforms.

6. Bill Payments

You can pay bills electronically, such as water or electric bills, other utility bills, credit card bills, mortgage payments, or other types of payment.

How to Initiate an ACH Credit

You will need to follow these steps to initiate an ACH credit.

  1. Obtain The Recipient’s Banking Information: You will need the recipient’s name, bank routing number, and account number to initiate an ACH transaction.
  2. Complete The Authorization: You will need to obtain formal authorization from the recipient to initiate the ACH transaction.
  3. Contact Your Bank: Provide the recipient’s banking information and the amount of the transfer to the bank.
  4. Provide Information: You may need to provide additional information, such as the purpose of the transfer or any reference numbers.
  5. Verify Information: Make sure all of the information is accurate before submitting the ACH credit request to your bank.

You will typically need to provide the following ACH credit requirements.

  • The recipient’s name and bank routing number.
  • The recipient’s bank account number.
  • The amount of the transfer.
  • The purpose of the transfer.
  • Any reference numbers or other additional information.

It’s important to ensure that all of the information is accurate to avoid any delays or errors in the ACH transfer process.

How Much Are the ACH Credit Transaction Fees?

ACH credit fees charged by the network itself are minimal in fractions of a penny. However, processing partners may charge additional fees ranging from 10 cents to $1.50.

Here are some factors that determine the amount of ACH credit transaction fees.

  • The number of transactions monthly.
  • How large those transactions are.
  • The likelihood of returns.
  • Fund transfer duration (same-day processing is more expensive).
  • The account validation method.

Direct costs for small businesses can exceed a dollar per transaction, but they decrease with scale.

Well, if you ask about ACH credit limits, they can vary depending on the policies of the financial institutions involved in the transaction.

Typically, there is no set limit on the amount that can be transferred via ACH credit, but some banks may have their own internal limits.

It’s best to check with your bank to understand their specific policies on ACH credit limits.

ACH Credit vs. Other Payment Methods

For example, here are some highlighted differences between ACH credit vs. wire transfer (remittance transfer):

  • Speed: Typically, ACH credit settlement time takes a few hours to a few business days to process, while wire transfers are usually same-day or next-day. Checks can take several days or weeks to clear.
  • Cost: ACH credits are generally cheaper than remittance transfers and checks–which may have higher processing fees or transaction fees.
  • Security: Both ACH credits and wire transfers are generally more secure than checks that have high risks to be lost, stolen, or forged.
  • Convenience: ACH credits and wire transfers are more convenient than checks that require physical transportation and processing.

Overall, the choice of payment method depends on the specific needs and preferences of the parties involved, as well as the urgency and amount of the transaction.

Pay Easy with Peakflo

Summary of key points in the article, ACH transaction is:

  • Electronic payments that can be initiated by businesses, individuals, or government agencies.
  • Require authorization from both parties involved and can be used for various types of transactions, such as payroll, vendor payments, direct deposits, and bill payments.
  • Processed through the ACH network, which is a secure and efficient system that enables funds to be transferred within a few hours to a few business days.
  • Offer several advantages, including lower transaction fees and greater convenience for businesses.

By using ACH transfer, parties can save time and money on processing fees and benefit from faster settlement times.

If you’d like to cut bill payment time by 2x, Peakflo can be your solution. Our accounts payable software comes with end-to-end automation features to fast-track your procurement-to-payment cycle. Take our product tour and see for yourself!

Boby Chandro
Boby Chandro
Boby is a content writer in Peakflo. He enjoys educating people on SaaS and finance automation through his expertise in accounts payable and receivable.
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